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At St. Peter's, we use the Government's agreed phonics programme called 'Letters and Sounds.' Letters and Sounds is designed to help teachers teach children how the alphabet works for reading and spelling by:

  • fostering children’s speaking and listening skills as valuable in their own right and as preparatory to learning phonic knowledge and skills;
  • teaching high quality phonic work at the point they judge children should begin the programme.

For most children, this will be by the age of five with the intention of equipping them with the phonic knowledge and skills they need to become fluent readers and spellers by the age of seven.

Phonics Practise


At St. Peter's in Foundation Stage and KS1 we follow the Letters and Sounds scheme for teaching phonics. Please see the PDF below for the Letters and Sound scheme.

Foundation Stage Phonics

In Foundation Stage, we focus on phases 2 - 4 of the Letters and Sound scheme.

Phase 2:

In Phase 2, letters and their sounds are introduced one at a time. A set of letters is taught each week, in the following sequence:

Set 1: s, a, t, p
Set 2: i, n, m, d
Set 3: g, o, c, k
Set 4: ck, e, u, r
Set 5: h, b, f, ff, l, ll, ss

As soon as each set of letters is introduced, children will be encouraged to use their knowledge of the letter sounds to blend and sound out words. For example, they will learn to blend the sounds s-a-t to make the word sat. They will also start learning to segment words. For example, they might be asked to find the letter sounds that make the word tap from a small selection of magnetic letters.

Phase 3:

By the time they reach Phase 3, children will already be able to blend and segment words containing the 19 letters taught in Phase 2.

Over the twelve weeks which Phase 3 is expected to last, twenty-five new graphemes are introduced (one at a time).

Set 6: j, v, w, x

Set 7: y, z, zz, qu

Consonant digraphs: ch, sh, th, ng

Vowel digraphs: ai, ee, igh, oa, oo, ar, or, ur, ow, oi, ear, air, ure, er

During Phase 3, children will also learn the letter names using an alphabet song, although they will continue to use the sounds when decoding words.

Please find resources below to support your child with these phases.

Year 1

In Year 1, we focus on phase 4 and 5 of the Letters and Sound scheme. Children entering Year One will already have experience of reading and spelling words with adjacent consonants, such as trap, string and flask. They will also be able to read and spell some polysyllabic words.

Phase 4:

When children start Phase 4 of the Letters and Sounds phonics programme, they will know a grapheme for each of the 42 phonemes. They will be able to blend phonemes to read CVC (consonant-vowel-consonant) words and segment in order to spell them.

Children will also have begun reading straightforward two-syllable words and simple captions, as well as reading and spelling some tricky words.

In Phase 4, no new graphemes are introduced. The main aim of this phase is to consolidate the children's knowledge and to help them learn to read and spell words which have adjacent consonants, such as trap, string and milk.

In Year One, children will learn more graphemes and phonemes. For example, they already know ai as in rain, but now they will be introduced to -ay as in day and a-e as in make.

Alternative pronunciations for graphemes will also be introduced, e.g. -ea in tea, head and break.

With practice, speed at recognising and blending graphemes will improve. Word and spelling knowledge will be worked on extensively.

Please find resources below to support your child with this phase.

Year 2

In Year 2, we focus on phase 6 of the Letters and Sound scheme. Children will have already learnt the most frequently occurring grapheme–phoneme correspondences (GPCs) in the English language. They will be able to read many familiar words automatically. When they come across unfamiliar words they will in many cases be able to decode them quickly and quietly using their well-developed sounding and blending skills. With more complex unfamiliar words they will often be able to decode them by sounding them out.

At this stage children should be able to spell words phonemically although not always correctly. In Year 2 the main aim is for children to become more fluent readers and more accurate spellers.

Please find resources below to support your child with this phase.

Below are powerpoints that were recently presented to parents at our phonics information evening, as well as statutory words that the children are expected to know by the end of each year. Please take some time to review these.

Phonics Screening Check

The children in Year 1 complete a Phonics Screening Check every year. This enables the teacher to see if they have any gaps in their knowledge. The Phonics Screening Check is made up of nonsense and real words and is to test how well the children can read using their sound blends. Please see below for an example of the Phonics Screening Check.

Foundation Stage

Please click on the image below to be taken to the Oxford Owl Phonics page. Here, you can listen to how each of the sounds is pronounced.


Year 1

Please click on the image below to be taken to the Oxford Owl Phonics page. Here, you can listen to how each of the sounds is pronounced.


Year 2

Please click on the image below to be taken to the Oxford Owl Phonics page. Here, you can listen to how each of the sounds is pronounced.


Pre-cursive writing

Alongside the teaching of phonics, we also teach correct letter formation in pre-cursive. Please see below for instructions and examples of this.

Key Stage 1 Useful Websites

Please use the website links below to help support your child with their learning of phonics.

Phonics BloomPhonics Play(2)Classroom Secrets Kids(6)Letters and Sounds
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